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Victor Hugo(1802-1885)

 Victor Hugo was a French novelist, playwright, and poet. His works contributed to the Romanticism period. His works are still alive and well today, especially his famous novel, Les Miserables.


Hugo was born February 26, 1802 in Bensacon, France.  (map of France) His father was a general in Napoleon's army and until Hugo was ten, traveled with him.   In 1812, he settled with his mother in Paris, France.  In 1822, he married his childhood sweetheart, Adele Foucher.  Many other Romantic Authors (Vigny, Sainte-Beuve) visited this couple at their home for ideas on their compositions.  Hugo used historical settings in his novels. He wrote historical plays and dramas as well.  The publications of Hugo's third collection of poems Odes and Ballads marked the beginning of intense creativity for Hugo.  During the next 17 years Hugo published essays, three novels, five volumes of poems, and a lot of dramas.  In 1845, he accepted a political post in the government of King Louis Philippe and in 1848 became a representative of the people after Louis Napoleon Bonaparte became president of the Second Republic.  Louis Napoleon declared himself as absolute ruler of France and exiled Hugo because of his republican beliefs.  He was exiled to Brussels and then to The Channel Islands.  Hugo continued to denunciate the French Government.
    During exile Hugo matured as a writer, producing first volumes of his epic poem, Legend of the Centuries (1859-83; English trans., 1894), Les Miserables, and Contemplations (1856; English trans., 1887).  He returned to Paris after the fall of the Second Republic in 1870, and found himself as a national hero.  He was elected member of the National Assembly, then a senator of the Third Republic.

Quotations made by Victor Hugo:
"The supreme happiness in life is the conviction that we are loved."

"The supreme happiness in life is the conviction that we are loved--loved for ourselves, or rather, loved in spite of ourselves."

"An invasion of armies can be resisted, but not an idea whose time has come."


This is a picture from Sony's Motion Picture.
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Time Period of Victor's Life

Hugo at age 18.

Victor Hugo's Life

Victor during exile in Belgium.

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